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Artikkelsamling av Dr. Thomas Verny (2004)

(Fra juli 2004)

Title: Birth and Violence
Author(s): Thomas R. Verny

Source: ISPPM-Journal Vol. 9 (1997) No. 1, 5-15
Language of article: English

Abstract: It takes much neglect, rejection, humiliation, physical maltreatment and sexual abuse to transform a tiny, trusting, innocent human being into a callous, cruel and vicious youth and adult. This paper will examine some of the factors that contribute to the development of the violent personality. It is suggested that the answer to street violence is not state violence. The answer is conscious parenting supported by social institutions, laws and practices which attend to the needs of pregnant parents, particularly, the disadvantaged.

Title: Systematic Gentle/Light Stroking and Maternal Random Touching of Ventilated Preterms: A Preliminary Study
Author(s): Elvidina N. Adamson-Macedo, Aine de Roiste, Ann Wilson, Julie A. Hayes, Beverley Eaton, and F. A. De Carvalho
Source: ISPPM-Journal Vol. 9 (1997) No. 1, 17-31
Language of article: English

Abstract: Touching, whether systematic or random, of ventilated preterm infants remains a controversial issue. Consequently, comparison between systematic and random supplemental touching of such infants has hitherto received little systematic attention. Sharp falls in oxygen saturation can be detrimental to the infant's health, and studies continue to be published reporting them during general handling procedures. Stability of physiology, especially during the early days of life, is essential to prevent haemorrhages which can cause brain damage. The immediate effects of both TAC-TIC (Touching And Caressing, Tender In Caring) therapy and Maternal intuitive touching (19 sessions of each)) upon the physiological measure of transcutaneous oxygen tension (Tc~PO2) in high risk ventilated preterms were examined in this study. Within one South London hospital all the preterm infants (7 female, 4 male) born over a 3 month period, and who have been attached to MARY3 computer monitors were recruited with medical and parental consent. An interrupted time series design was employed to look at Tc~PO2 before, during and after each of the interventions. A pattern of significant decreasing Tc~PO2, from before to after and during to after maternal intuitive touching was observed. Unlike this, TAC-TIC therapy showed a slightly increase during its procedures albeit not significant. Using percentage increase in Tc~PO2 data, one-way ANOVA demonstrated no significant differences between between TAC-TIC and Maternal intuitive touching across the 3 phases. The authors cautiously conclude that TAC-TIC intervention, as used in this study, may be considered as not being harmful as measured by Tc~PO2, and suggest that further research should be carried out to investigate further the immediate effects of Maternal intuitive touching.

Title: Prematurity and Infants' Neuromotor Development: Some Considerations
Author(s): Joseneide L. Alves Attree and Elvidina N. Adamson-Macedo

Source: ISPPM-Journal Vol. 9 (1997) No. 1, 33-43
Language of article: English

Abstract: The present paper is concerned with the theoretical matter of understanding whether the prematurity condition, per se, is a predictor factor of infants' later performance, particularly from the neuromotor point of view. A review of studies on this issue is presented when some controversy are highlighted and considerations are made to external factors which may account for children's neuromotor improvement. Among the important external factors discussed are the children's gestational age and their familial environment. Some consideration is also made on early systematic tactile stimulation on babies born preterm since it is also believed to be one of the possible reasons for infants' later better neuromotor development. Another aspect also discussed in this paper is the assumption that temperament is correlated with the preterm condition. Considerations are made regarding the fact that the correlation between prematurity and temperament is established by the subjectiveness of infants' ratings of temperament, as assigned by their parents.

Title: Looking at the Pre-Adolescents' and Adolescents' Verbal and Physiologi-cal Responses to Birth-Related Stimulus: A Pilot Study
Author(s): Joseneide L. Alves Attree and Elvidina N. Adamson-Macedo

Source: ISPPM-Journal Vol. 9 (1997) No. 1, 45-57
Language of article: English

Abstract: The present study aims to examine pre-adolescents' and adolescents' mental representation of birth. Data are collected on nine mother-infant dyads. The mother's data are derived from an interview and the pre-adolescents and adolescents' data are derived from an interview, narratives from a 10-picture-set and pulse ratings measurement. In this study the Mental Representation of Birth Coding System (MRB) is developed to analyze the narratives produced by the pre-adolescents and adolescents in regards to the 10-picture-set. The narratives are coded and correlated with variables from the mother's and pre-adolescents' and adolescents' interviews. Although the results do not yield significant correlations between the mothers' and the pre-adolescents' and adolescents' interviews, they do indicate significant correlations between the mothers' interviews and the pre-adolescents' and adolescents' performance in the narratives. The results also suggest that some data from the pre-adolescents and adolescents' interviews are correlated with their own narratives as well. The pre-adolescents' and adolescents' sex do not account for any significant finding and a trend of the subjects' measurements of pulse ratings along the investigation is presented. It is thought that the MRB coding can be useful to examine pre-adolescents' and adolescents' representation of birth once it triggers situations which facilitates the pre-adolescents' and adolescents' projections of their feelings of birth and health related to birth.

Title: Mutterschema, Rivalenschema und ethogenetische Regel. Die drei Phasen der pränatalen psychischen Entwicklung von Stimmungen, der Vorformen innerer Objekte und einiger Persönlichkeitsstörungen
Author(s): Ricarda Müssig

Source: ISPPM-Journal Vol. 9 (1997) No. 1, 65-87
Language of article: German
English Title: Mother Scheme, Rival Scheme and Ethogenetic Rule

Abstract: Because we look at psychic development as organized in stages, the question arose if this is valid for the prenatal psychic development as well. Therefore results from ethology, phylogeny and the analysis of children's men drawings have been integrated into our knowledge of prenatal somatic ontogenesis. Childrens' head-legs-drawings represent a mother scheme (as counterpart to the baby scheme) with the task to release clinging behavior and the feeling of basic trust in primates. But this is only one of the aspects of the old frontal animal scheme (FAS), whose first task was to signal a rival or a predator approaching. As the biogenetic rule in its modified form as ethogenetic rule (Müssig 1994) is valid for behavior as well, we should find the same sequence in prenatal development. The fusing of the eyelids in the third month and its reopening at the end oft the fifth deliver 3 phases of prenatal ontogeny we can parallel with corresponding stages of psylogeney: Seeing primal mistrust (including reptiles), blind trust (Insectivora and Prosimiae), seeing primal trust (higher Primates). The objects of intrauterine primal mistrust and trust can be looked at as preshaped inner objects and the core of the archetypes. The question of mothers' prenatal traumatic experience and childrens' symptoms (i.e. early childhood autism) will be discussed.

Title: Die Selbsthypnose und Hypnogruppenanalyse zur intrauterinen Beziehungsaufnahme und Vermeidung fetaler psychosomatischer Störungen Author(s): Mario Scardino, Michela Barbato, Gudrun Rudolph und Lucio Zichella Source: ISPPM-Journal Vol. 9 (1997) No. 1, 89-97
Language of article: German
English Title: Self-Hypnosis and Hypnogroupanalysis to Further Intrauterine Relationship and to Avoid Fetal Psychosomatic Disorders

Abstract: It is a well-known fact that many pathological symptoms and disorders may have psychosomatic, and not simply organic, origins. Our approach is to work through identification and interpretation of the relationship between symptoms and unconscious processes. We found that the way a mother relates to her foetus influences the mother-child relationship and their health. In our clinical experience we found that pregnancy is the phase in the life of individual where preventive action can be most effective. Paying attention to "Intrauterine Relationship" can be viewed as a modern approach to avoid foetal psychosomatic disorders. In this paper two clinical cases are reported.

Title: Pappkarton und Kugelkiste. Zur Wiederbelebung perinataler Erfahrungen am Beispiel einer heilpädagogischen Betreuung eines 6jährigen verhaltensauffälligen Kindes
Author(s): Birgit Berens und Christian Büttner

Source: ISPPM-Journal Vol. 9 (1997) No. 1, 99-113
Language of article: German
English Title: A Cardboard Box and a Bullet Box: On the Reawakening of Perinatal Experiences as Illustrated in the Special Needs Treatment of a Six-Year-Old Child with Behavioural Problems

Abstract: The significance of perinatal experiences in a child's development and in dealing with the way those experiences are expressed in the course of day-to-day special needs treatment of a 6-year-old child with behavioural problems in a day nursery is described in the form of vignettes (sketches of scenes). The processes of transference and countertransference that occurred in this setting in the initial period constitute the material for an interpretation relating to the perinatal significance of the scenes. The willingness to work on them, the supervisor's acceptance of the boy's regressive desires and the corrective experience that is enabled led to a healing process of development.

Title: Todesbilder als Lebenszeichen - Kunsttherapie und Geburtserfahrung Author(s): Klaus Evertz
Source: ISPPM-Journal Vol. 9 (1997) No. 1, 115-133

Language of article: German
English Title: Images of Death as a Sign of Life - Art Therapy and the Experiences of Birth

Abstract: This article is an attempt at shedding more light on the ontological functions of images and colour from an elementary, phenomenological viewpoint. By discussing the function of images from an epistemological standpoint as reproductions and symbols, the theory is put forward that the origins of "inner images" and the way in which they are made (and become) visible externally in paintings, dreams, hallucinations, etc. can only be explained more clearly on the basis of a prenatal concept of image and colour. In turn, this concept can only be thought of in connection with a synaesthetic continuum of perception in the prenatal period of life. This leads to far-reaching questions concerning a concept of awareness in terms of developmental psychology and to questions concerning the theory of art. This theory is illustrated by a very brief outline of a 4-year course of art therapy in a depressive patient. 

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09.08 | 21:23

Det blir nok ikke kurs før i 2018. Klem til deg 😍

05.08 | 22:52

Hei hr du kurs nå ?

16.01 | 12:34

Mange med ADD eller ADHD er svært intelligente, men ofte meget urolige. Pusten kan være til god hjelp.
Mvh Inger Lise Eide

16.01 | 11:54

Kan man ha ADD eller en variant selv om han man er flink på skolen? Gutten min på ni år passer ellers til beskrivelsene ...

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